Over the centuries, the island saw many different rulers, including the Greeks, Romans, Arabs and Normans. All of them left their mark on its character, alongside rich testimonies to their settlements. The island’s main attraction is its wealth of archaeological and culturally significant sites – many of which are on the UNESCO world heritage list. A wealth that ranges from the magnificent palaces and baroque churches in Ragusa-Ibla, Modica, Scicli, Noto, Syracuse and Catania to the archaeological excavation sites in the Valley of the Temples of Agrigento, in Selinunte and Segesta, from the ancient villas and Roman baths in Piazza Armerina to the stylised architecture of the Norman cathedrals of Palermo, Monreale and Cefalù. Among the most beautiful resorts on the island are Taormina and Cefalù. Taormina, with its bright terraces high above the sea, offers an absolutely stunning scenic view: beyond the blue bay of Isola Bella, Mount Etna rises majestically in the distance. Cefalù, with its magnificent cathedral, well-preserved medieval town centre and old harbour quarter, is often called the pearl of the northern coast. Sicily’s inland regions are just as attractive for visitors. Across the broad, softly rolling hills stretch citrus plantations, vineyards and fields of grain. Alongside them are nature reserves perfect for long walks on signposted paths, such as the Parco delle Madonie, planted with manna ash trees cultivated for their sugary sap, or the Parco dell’Etna on Europe’s highest active volcano.